The easternmost Middle Paleolithic (Mousterian) from Jinsitai Cave, North China

Feng Li, Steven L. Kuhn, Fuyou Chen, Yinghua Wang, John Southon, Fei Peng, Mingchao Shan, Chunxue Wang, Junyi Ge, Xiaomin Wang, Tala Yun, Xing Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


The dispersal of Neanderthals and their genetic and cultural interactions with anatomically modern humans and other hominin populations in Eurasia are critical issues in human evolution research. Neither Neanderthal fossils nor typical Mousterian assemblages have been reported in East Asia to date. Here we report on artifact assemblages comparable to western Eurasian Middle Paleolithic (Mousterian) at Jinsitai, a cave site in North China. The lithic industry at Jinsitai appeared at least 47–42 ka and persisted until around 40–37 ka. These findings expand the geographic range of the Mousterian-like industries at least 2000 km further to the east than what has been previously recognized. This discovery supplies a missing part of the picture of Middle Paleolithic distribution in Eurasia and also demonstrates the makers’ capacity to adapt to diverse geographic regions and habitats of Eurasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-84
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of human evolution
StatePublished - Jan 2018


  • Jinsitai Cave
  • Lithic technology
  • Middle Paleolithic
  • Mousterian
  • North China

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Anthropology


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