The disk imaging survey of Chemistry with SMA. I. Taurus protoplanetary disk data

Karin I. Öberg, Chunhua Qi, Jeffrey K.J. Fogel, Edwin A. Bergin, Sean M. Andrews, Catherine Espaillat, Tim A. Van Kempen, David J. Wilner, Ilaria Pascucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

125 Scopus citations


Chemistry plays an important role in the structure and evolution of protoplanetary disks, with implications for the composition of comets and planets. This is the first of a series of papers based on data from DISCS, a Submillimeter Array survey of the chemical composition of protoplanetary disks. The six Taurus sources in the program (DM Tau, AA Tau, LkCa 15, GM Aur, CQ Tau, and MWC 480) range in stellar spectral type from M1 to A4 and offer an opportunity to test the effects of stellar luminosity on the disk chemistry. The disks were observed in 10 different lines at ∼3″ resolution andanrms of ∼100 mJy beam -1 at ∼0.5 km s-1. The four brightest lines are CO 2-1, HCO+ 3-2, CN 233/4/2 - 1 2 2/3/1, and HCN 3-2, and these are detected toward all sources (except for HCN toward CQ Tau). The weaker lines of CN222-1 11,DCO+ 3-2, N2H+ 3-2, H 2CO303-202, and414-313 are detected toward two to three disks each, and DCN 3-2 only toward LkCa 15. CH3OH 421-312 and c-C3H2 are not detected. There is no obvious difference between the T Tauri and Herbig Ae sources with regard to CN and HCN intensities. In contrast, DCO+, DCN, N2H+, and H2CO are detected only toward the T Tauri stars, suggesting that the disks around Herbig Ae stars lack cold regions for long enough timescales to allow for efficient deuterium chemistry, CO freeze-out, and grain chemistry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)480-493
Number of pages14
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010


  • Astrochemistry
  • High angular resolution
  • ISM: molecules
  • Protoplanetary disks
  • Radio lines: ISM
  • Stars: formation
  • Techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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