The deep2 galaxy Redshift Survey: Discovery of luminous, metal-poor star-forming galaxies at Redshifts z ∼ 0.7

C. Hoyos, D. C. Koo, A. C. Phillips, C. N.A. Willmer, P. Guhathakurta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have discovered a sample of 17 metal-poor, yet luminous, star-forming galaxies at redshifts z ∼ 0.7. They were selected from the initial phase of the DEEP2 survey of 3900 galaxies and the Team Keck Redshift Survey (TKRS) of 1536 galaxies as those showing the temperature-sensitive [O III] λ4363 auroral line. These rare galaxies have blue luminosities close to L*, high star formation rates of 5-12 M yr-1, and oxygen abundances of 1/3 to 1/10 solar. They thus lie significantly off the luminosity-metallicity relation found previously for field galaxies with strong emission lines at redshifts z ∼ 0.7. The prior surveys relied on indirect, empirical calibrations of the R23 diagnostic and the assumption that luminous galaxies are not metal-poor. Our discovery suggests that this assumption is sometimes invalid. As a class, these newly discovered galaxies are (1) more metal-poor than common classes of bright emission-line galaxies at z ∼ 0.7 or at the present epoch; (2) comparable in metallicity to z ∼ 3 Lyman break galaxies but less luminous; and (3) comparable in metallicity to local metal-poor extreme blue compact galaxies (XBCGs), but more luminous. Together, the three samples suggest that the most luminous. metal-poor, compact galaxies become fainter over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L21-L24
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume635
Issue number1 II
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Galaxies: abundances
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: high-redshift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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