We combine precision radial velocity data from four different published works of the stars in the Leo II dwarf spheroidal galaxy. This yields a data set that spans 19 years, has 14 different epochs of observation, and contains 372 unique red giant branch stars, 196 of which have repeat observations. Using this multi-epoch data set, we constrain the binary fraction for Leo II. We generate a suite of Monte Carlo simulations that test different binary fractions using Bayesian analysis and determine that the binary fraction for Leo II ranges from 0.30-+0.10 0.09 to 0.34-+0.11 0.11, depending on the distributions of binary orbital parameters assumed. This value is smaller than what has been found for the solar neighborhood (~0.4-0.6) but falls within the wide range of values that have been inferred for other dwarf spheroidals (0.14-0.69). The distribution of orbital periods has the greatest impact on the binary fraction results. If the fraction we find in Leo II is present in low-mass ultra-faints, it can artificially inflate the velocity dispersion of those systems and cause them to appear more dark matter rich than in actuality. For a galaxy with an intrinsic dispersion of 1 km s-1 and an observational sample of 100 stars, the dispersion can be increased by a factor of 1.5-2 for Leo II-like binary fractions or by a factor of three-for binary fractions on the higher end of what has been seen in other dwarf spheroidals.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Jun 2017|
- binaries: general
- galaxies: dwarf
- galaxies: individual (Leo II)
- galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'The Binary Fraction of Stars in Dwarf Galaxies: The Case of Leo II'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
Velocities of RGB stars in the Leo II dwarf galaxy
Spencer, M. E. (Creator), Mateo, M. (Creator), Walker, M. G. (Creator), Olszewski, E. W. (Creator), McConnachie, A. W. (Creator), Kirby, E. N. (Creator) & Koch, A. (Creator), Centre de Donnees Strasbourg (CDS), 2018
DOI: 10.26093/cds/vizier.51530254, https://cdsarc.cds.unistra.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/AJ/153/254