The Baltimore Oriole’s Nest: Cool Winds from the Inner and Outer Parts of a Star-forming Galaxy at z=1.3

Weichen Wang, Susan A. Kassin, S. M. Faber, David C. Koo, Emily C. Cunningham, Hassen M. Yesuf, Guillermo Barro, Puragra Guhathakurta, Benjamin J. Weiner, Alexander de la Vega, Yicheng Guo, Timothy M. Heckman, Camilla Pacifici, Bingjie Wang, Charlotte Welker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Strong galactic winds are ubiquitous at z ≳ 1. However, it is not well-known where inside galaxies these winds are launched from. We study the cool winds (∼104 K) in two spatial regions of a massive galaxy at z = 1.3, which we nickname the “Baltimore Oriole’s Nest.” The galaxy has a stellar mass of 1010.3±0.3Me, is located on the star-forming main sequence, and has a morphology indicative of a recent merger. Gas kinematics indicate a dynamically complex system with velocity gradients ranging from 0 to 60 km s−1. The two regions studied are: a dust-reddened center (Central region), and a blue arc at 7 kpc from the center (Arc region). We measure the Fe II and Mg II absorption line profiles from deep Keck/DEIMOS spectra. Blueshifted wings up to 450 km s−1 are found for both regions. The Fe II column densities of winds are 1014.7±0.2 cm−2 and 1014.6±0.2 cm−2 toward the Central and Arc regions, respectively. Our measurements suggest that the winds are most likely launched from both regions. The winds may be driven by the spatially extended star formation, the surface density of which is around 0.2 Me yr−1 · kpc−2 in both regions. The mass outflow rates are estimated to be 4 Me yr−1 and 3 Me yr−1 for the Central and Arc regions, with uncertainties of one order of magnitude or more. The findings of this work and a few previous studies suggest that the cool galactic winds at z ≳1 might be commonly launched from the entire spatial extents of their host galaxies, due to extended galaxy star formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number146
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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