Tetraethylammonium transport by isolated perfused snake renal tubules

C. T. Hawk, W. H. Dantzler

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24 Scopus citations


Tetraethylammonium (TEA) transport was studied in isolated perfused snake (Thamnophis spp.) proximal renal tubules. Unidirectional lumen-to-bath (J (TEA)(1→b)) and bath-to-lumen (J (TEA)(1→b)) fluxes exhibited saturation kinetics, but J(TEA)(b→ 1) also exhibited an apparent diffusive component and J(TEA)(1 → b) did not. J(TEA)(b→ 1) exceeded J(TEA)(1→b) at all concentrations studied, resulting in net TEA secretion. Transport into cells across both luminal and peritubular membranes was apparently against an electrochemical gradient and was inhibited by cyanide. K(m) for J(TEA)(1→b) (5.9 μM) was about one-third K(m) for J(TEA)(b→ 1)) (19.9 μM), indicating greater affinity of the luminal transporter for TEA; but V(max) for J(TEA)(b→ 1) (153 fmol·min-1·mm-1) was about six times V(max) for J(TEA)(1→b)) (27 fmol·min-1), indicating a greater capacity of the peritubular transporter for TEA, which could account for net TEA secretion. J(TEA)(b→ 1) was inhibited by N-methylnicotinamide (NMN) in the bath, but J(TEA)(1→b) was inhibited initially and then apparently transstimulated by NMN in the lumen, indicating possible countertransport. J(TEA)(1→b), but not J(TEA)(b→ 1), was significantly reduced by replacement of sodium with sucrose, indicating possible sodium dependency of the luminal transporter. All data indicate active (either primary or secondary) TEA transport at both luminal and peritubular membranes but net transepithelial transport in the bath-to-lumen direction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F476-F487
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology


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