Terrestrial alteration of carbonate in a suite of Antarctic CM chondrites: Evidence from oxygen and carbon isotopes

M. A. Tyra, J. Farquhar, B. A. Wing, G. K. Benedix, A. J.T. Jull, T. Jackson, M. H. Thiemens

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37 Scopus citations


The oxygen (δ18O, δ17O) and carbon (δ13C, FMOD14C-the fraction of modern 14C) isotopic compositions of carbonate were measured for a set of paired Antarctic CM chondrites (EET 96006, EET 96016, EET 96017, and EET 96019). While the oxygen isotopic compositions do not plot on the terrestrial fractionation line and indicate that a component of the carbonate minerals has an extraterrestrial origin, they also do not fall on the array defined for carbonates by CM falls and are thus consistent with the presence of a terrestrial carbonate component. The δ13C and FMOD14C measurements of carbonate suggest the presence of at least two carbon sources: carbonate derived from atmospheric CO2 that is inferred to have been produced as a result of silicate weathering reactions and carbonate derived from another carbon source that is either old or non-atmospheric. The relationships between oxygen and carbon isotope data provide additional constraints on the weathering process, and allow the possibility that rock-dominated weathering of the meteorite caused the oxygen isotopic composition of Antarctic water added to the meteorite to evolve away from the terrestrial mass-fractionation array, leading to formation of low temperature terrestrial alteration products that do not lie on the terrestrial fractionation line.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)782-795
Number of pages14
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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