Terahertz radiation of a butterfly-shaped photoconductive antenna(invited)

Jitao Zhang, Mingguang Tuo, Min Liang, Wei Ren Ng, Michael E. Gehm, Hao Xin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The terahertz(THz) far-field radiation properties of a butterfly-shaped photoconductive antenna (PCA) were experimentally studied using a home-built THz time-domain spectroscopy(THz-TDS) setup. To distinguish the contribution of in -gap photocurrent and antenna structure to far -field radiation, polarization -dependent THz field was measured and quantified as the illuminating laser beam moved along the bias field within the gap region of electrodes. The result suggests that, although the far -field THz radiation originates from the in -gap photocurrent, the antenna structure of butterfly -shaped PCA dominates the overall THz radiation. In addition, to explore the impact of photoconductive material, radiation properties of butterfly -shaped PCAs fabricated on both low -temperature -grown GaAs (LT - GaAs) and semi-insulating GaAs (Si-GaAs) were characterized and compared. Consistent with previous experiments, it is observed that while Si-GaAs-based PCA can emit higher THz field than LT-GaAsbased PCA at low laser power, it would saturate more severely as laser power increased and eventually be surpassed by LT-GaAs-based PCA. Beyond that, it is found the severe saturation effect of Si-GaAs was due to the longer carrier lifetime and higher carrier mobility, which was confirmed by the numerical simulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number0402001
JournalHongwai yu Jiguang Gongcheng/Infrared and Laser Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 25 2019


  • Butterfly
  • Photoconductive antenna
  • Terahertz
  • Time domain spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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