TY - JOUR

T1 - Tensor Renormalization Group at Low Temperatures

T2 - Discontinuity Fixed Point

AU - Kennedy, Tom

AU - Rychkov, Slava

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2023.

PY - 2024/1

Y1 - 2024/1

N2 - To the memory of Krzysztof Gawȩdzki, a pioneer of rigorous renormalization group studiesWe continue our study of rigorous renormalization group (RG) maps for tensor networks that was begun in Kennedy and Rychkov (J Stat Phys Ser, 187 (3), 33, 2022). In this paper, we construct a rigorous RG map for 2D tensor networks whose domain includes tensors that represent the 2D Ising model at low temperatures with a magnetic field h. We prove that the RG map has two stable fixed points, corresponding to the two ground states, and one unstable fixed point which is an example of a discontinuity fixed point. For the Ising model at low temperatures, the RG map flows to one of the stable fixed points if (Formula presented.), and to the discontinuity fixed point if (Formula presented.). In addition to the nearest neighbor and magnetic field terms in the Hamiltonian, we can include small terms that need not be spin-flip invariant. In this case, we prove there is a critical value (Formula presented.) of the field (which depends on these additional small interactions and the temperature) such that the RG map flows to the discontinuity fixed point if (Formula presented.) and to one of the stable fixed points otherwise. We use our RG map to give a new proof of previous results on the first-order transition, namely, that the free energy is analytic for (Formula presented.), and the magnetization is discontinuous at (Formula presented.). The construction of our low-temperature RG map, in particular the disentangler, is surprisingly very similar to the construction of the map in Kennedy and Rychkov (2022) for the high-temperature phase. We also give a pedagogical discussion of some general rigorous transformations for infinite-dimensional tensor networks and an overview of the proof of stability of the high-temperature fixed point for the RG map in Kennedy and Rychkov (2022).

AB - To the memory of Krzysztof Gawȩdzki, a pioneer of rigorous renormalization group studiesWe continue our study of rigorous renormalization group (RG) maps for tensor networks that was begun in Kennedy and Rychkov (J Stat Phys Ser, 187 (3), 33, 2022). In this paper, we construct a rigorous RG map for 2D tensor networks whose domain includes tensors that represent the 2D Ising model at low temperatures with a magnetic field h. We prove that the RG map has two stable fixed points, corresponding to the two ground states, and one unstable fixed point which is an example of a discontinuity fixed point. For the Ising model at low temperatures, the RG map flows to one of the stable fixed points if (Formula presented.), and to the discontinuity fixed point if (Formula presented.). In addition to the nearest neighbor and magnetic field terms in the Hamiltonian, we can include small terms that need not be spin-flip invariant. In this case, we prove there is a critical value (Formula presented.) of the field (which depends on these additional small interactions and the temperature) such that the RG map flows to the discontinuity fixed point if (Formula presented.) and to one of the stable fixed points otherwise. We use our RG map to give a new proof of previous results on the first-order transition, namely, that the free energy is analytic for (Formula presented.), and the magnetization is discontinuous at (Formula presented.). The construction of our low-temperature RG map, in particular the disentangler, is surprisingly very similar to the construction of the map in Kennedy and Rychkov (2022) for the high-temperature phase. We also give a pedagogical discussion of some general rigorous transformations for infinite-dimensional tensor networks and an overview of the proof of stability of the high-temperature fixed point for the RG map in Kennedy and Rychkov (2022).

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U2 - 10.1007/s00023-023-01289-y

DO - 10.1007/s00023-023-01289-y

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85158099403

SN - 1424-0637

VL - 25

SP - 773

EP - 841

JO - Annales Henri Poincare

JF - Annales Henri Poincare

IS - 1

ER -