Temperature distributions during clinical scanned, focused ultrasound hyperthermia treatments

K. Hynynen, D. Shimm, D. Anhalt, B. Stea, H. Sykes, J. R. Cassady, R. B. Roemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


In this study a scanned focused ultrasound (SFUS) system was used to heat 66 tumours at various anatomical locations in 52 patients. A total of 160 treatments were given. On average, temperatures were measured in 14 or 15 locations in the scanned volume. The time-averaged temperatures over the 30 min treatment period in the best treatment of each tumour were 44.0 ± 2.4°C (mean ± SD) and 39.6 ± 1.5°C at the location of the highest and lowest sensor, respectively. On average, 39% of the sensors were above 42.5°C. When only the cases that were judged to be good candidates for the hyperthermia device were analysed, 64% of the sensors reached a temperature over 42.5°C with the highest temperature achieved being 45.9±2.3°C and the lowest 40.7 ± 1.4°C. Although the system tested has many technical limitations (for example, fixed frequency, beam geometry and power during the scan cycle), the results demonstrate that therapeutic temperatures can be achieved in many tumours. Significantly better temperatures are expected when all of the theoretical potential of scanned focused ultrasound systems has been used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)891-908
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Hyperthermia
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cancer Research


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