Telephone-Based Mindfulness Therapy Intervention for Patients with Chronic Pancreatitis

Vasiliki Irene Aivaliotis, Yvonne Lee, Jasmine Zia, Wahid Wassef, Mark Abramson, Walter Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) have substantially impaired quality of life (QOL) both physically and mentally. Mindfulness therapy is a form of treatment that has been shown to be beneficial in many medical conditions but has not been evaluated in the CP patient population. Aims: The aims of this study were (1) to test the feasibility and usability of a novel telephone-based mindfulness therapy service for patients with CP and (2) to determine whether there was any effect on CP quality of life. Methods: We recruited ten patients with suspected or confirmed CP and five controls who were asked to utilize our telephone-based mindfulness therapy service daily for 28 days. Feasibility of the service was defined as the fraction of subjects with a ≥50% compliance rate. Usability was assessed using a System Usability Scale (SUS). QOL was evaluated using the SF-36 questionnaire and the Pancreatitis Quality of Life Instrument (PANQOLI). Paired t tests were used to compare the SF-36 and PANQOLI pre- and post-intervention. Results: There was an overall compliance rate of 67%. The mean SUS score for all participants was 79.3, above the average published score of 68. Results showed a significant improvement in the SF-36 Mental Component Summary scores after 28 days of mindfulness therapy for patients with CP, t(9) = 2.48, p = 0.035. There was also a significant improvement in the mean total PANQOLI scores in CP patients, t(9) = 2.41, p = 0.04, most notably in the social domain. Conclusion: Our telephone-based mindfulness therapy service represents a feasible and easily usable treatment adjunct for patients with CP, which may provide benefit in QOL by improving mental health-related domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)502-509
Number of pages8
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Mindfulness therapy
  • Mobile application
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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