We previously identified a missense single nucleotide polymorphism rs2228315 (G>A, Met62Ile) in the selectin-P-ligand gene (SELPLG), encoding P-selectin glycoprotein ligand 1 (PSGL-1), to be associated with increased susceptibility to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). These earlier studies demonstrated that SELPLG lung tissue expression was increased in mice exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) suggesting that inflammatory and epigenetic factors regulate SELPLG promoter activity and transcription. In this report, we used a novel recombinant tandem PSGL1 immunoglobulin fusion molecule (TSGL-Ig), a competitive inhibitor of PSGL1/P-selectin interactions, to demonstrate significant TSGL-Ig-mediated decreases in SELPLG lung tissue expression as well as highly significant protection from LPS- and VILI-induced lung injury. In vitro studies examined the effects of key ARDS stimuli (LPS, 18% cyclic stretch to simulate VILI) on SELPLG promoter activity and showed LPS-mediated increases in SELPLG promoter activity and identified putative promoter regions associated with increased SELPLG expression. SELPLG promoter activity was strongly regulated by the key hypoxia-inducible transcription factors, HIF-1α, and HIF-2α as well as NRF2. Finally, the transcriptional regulation of SELPLG promoter by ARDS stimuli and the effect of DNA methylation on SELPLG expression in endothelial cell was confirmed. These findings indicate SELPLG transcriptional regulation by clinically-relevant inflammatory factors with the significant TSGL-Ig-mediated attenuation of LPS and VILI highly consistent with PSGL1/P-selectin as therapeutic targets in ARDS.
- P- selectin
- SELPLG promoter activity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine