Tanks, tear gas, and taxes: Toward a theory of movement repression

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290 Scopus citations


Despite the importance of research on repression to the study of social movements, few researchers have focused on developing a refined and powerful conceptualization of repression. To address the difficulties such theoretical inattention produces, three key dimensions of repression are outlined and crossed to produce a repression typology. The merit of this typology for researchers is shown by using the typology to: (1) reorganize major research findings on repression; (2) diagnose theoretical and empirical oversights and missteps in the study of repression; and (3) develop new hypotheses about explanatory factors related to repression and relationships between different forms of repression. Such a typology represents an important step toward creating richer theoretical explanations of repression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-68
Number of pages25
JournalSociological Theory
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science


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