Take-home route of pesticide exposure

Nicolas López-Gálvez, Rietta Wagoner, Lesliam Quirós-Alcalá, Yoshira Ornelas Van Horne, Melissa Furlong, El’gin Avila, Paloma Beamer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


Background: The family members of farmworkers can be chronically exposed to pesticides via the take-home exposure pathway. Objective: The aim of this review was to summarize the state of knowledge on exposure to pesticides via take-home pathway in farmworkers families. Methods: A literature review was conducted to identify articles of interest, resulting in a total of 47 selected articles. The articles were summarized based on the location of the study, population (sample size), pesticide analyzed, and type of sample. Results: The majority of studies were conducted in the United States, but there seems to be an increase of literature regarding the pesticide take-home pathway in developing countries. Most of the articles provided evidence that farmworkers’ families are exposed to pesticides at higher levels than nonfarmworkers families. The levels may depend on several factors such as seasonality, parental occupation, cohabitation with farmworkers, behavior at work, age, and gender. Discussion/Conclusion: the take-home pathway is an important contributor to overall residential exposures, but other pathways such as pesticide drift, indoor-residential applications, and dietary intake need to be considered. A more comprehensive exposure assessment approach is necessary to better understand both aggregate and cumulative exposures to pesticides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Environmental Health
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780444639523
ISBN (Print)9780444639516
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


  • Agricultural
  • Biomarkers
  • Farmworkers
  • Para-occupational
  • Pesticide exposure
  • Residues
  • Rural
  • Take-home pathway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science


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