Tactile eye pressure measurement through the eyelid

Eniko T. Enikov, Péter P. Polyvás, Gholam Peyman, Sean McCafferty

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


This article presents the early results from a 10-person human subject study evaluating the accuracy of a novel method of indirect estimation of intraocular pressure using tactile sensors. Manual digital palpation tonometery is an old method used to estimate the eye pressure through palpation with ones fingers. Based on this concept, we present an instrumented measurement method, where multiple tactile stiffness sensors are used to infer the intraocular pressure of the eye. The method is validated using experimental data gathered from human subjects with eye pressures from 15 to 22 mmHg and determined by Goldman applanation tonometry (GAT). Bland-Altman plots comparing the GAT measurements and the proposed through-the-eye-lid tonometry indicate a statistical error of 5.16 mmHg, within the 95% confidence interval, which compares favorably with the FDAmandated error bound of 5 mmHg. Details on the unit operation and data filtering are also presented. Due to its indirect and non-invasive nature, the proposed new tactile tonometry method can be applied at home as a self-administered home tonometer for management of glaucoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791857380
StatePublished - 2015
EventASME 2015 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2015 - Houston, United States
Duration: Nov 13 2015Nov 19 2015

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)


OtherASME 2015 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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