The effects of the noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, MK-801, on cocaine self-administration were investigated. Forty-six male Wistar rats were trained to intravenously self-administer four unit doses of cocaine (0.19, 0.38, 0.75 and 1.5 mg/kg per injection) on a progressive-ratio schedule of reinforcement. The effects of increasing doses of MK-801 (0.05, 0.1, 0.15 and 0.2 mg/kg, IP, 30 min before test sessions) on breaking point (BP) for cocaine self-administration were investigated. The results showed that pretreatment with MK-801 produced effects on cocaine BPs that fit on an inverted-U function. That is, the 0.05 and 0.1 mg/kg doses of MK-801 produced no effect or a small enhancement of BPs across all doses of cocaine, respectively. The 0.15 mg/kg dose of MK-801 produced a significant treatment effect characterized by increased BPs, relative to baseline BPs, across all doses of cocaine. The 0.2 mg/kg dose of MK-801 produced a nonsignificant decrease in BPs across most doses of cocaine. The dose-dependent effects on cocaine BPs after pretreatment with MK-801 suggest that MK-801 can potentiate, and at higher doses attenuate, the rewarding effects of self-administered cocaine.
- Progressive-ratio schedule
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