A red-light-mediated nPr-DMQA+-catalyzed cascade intramolecular trifluoromethylation and dearomatization of indole derivatives with Umemoto's reagent has been developed. This protocol provides a facile and efficient approach for the construction of functionalized and potentially biologically important CF3-containing 3,3-spirocyclic indolines with moderate to high yields and excellent diastereoselectivities under mild conditions. The success of multiple gram-scale (1 and 10 g) experiments further highlights the robustness and practicality of this protocol and the merit of the employment of red light. Mechanistic studies support the formation of a crucial CF3 radical species and a dearomatized benzyl carbocation intermediate.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry