Direct formylation of feedstock indoles with newly developed, cost-effective deuterated glyoxylic acid as formylation agent under visible light and air (O2) as terminal oxidant has been developed. An isatin byproduct produced from the corresponding indole reactant serves as a facilitator for the formylation process. The simple, mild, metal- and oxidant-free protocol enables the synthesis of structurally diverse C1-deuterated 3-formylindoles with broad functional group tolerance and late-stage functionalization at a high level of D-incorporation (95-99%).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry