Synthesis and physical properties of a new layered ferromagnet Cr1.21Te2

Zhixue Shu, Haozhe Wang, Na Hyun Jo, Chris Jozwiak, Aaron Bostwick, Eli Rotenberg, Weiwei Xie, Tai Kong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Single crystals of a new layered compound, Cr1.21Te2, were synthesized via a vapor transport method. The crystal structure and physical properties were characterized by single crystal and powder x-ray diffraction, temperature- and field-dependent magnetization, zero-field heat capacity, and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Cr1.21Te2, containing two Cr sites, crystalizes in a trigonal structure with a space group P-3 (No. 147). The Cr site in the interstitial layer is partially occupied. Physical property characterizations indicate that Cr1.21Te2 is metallic with hole pockets at the Fermi energy and undergoes a ferromagnetic phase transition at ∼173K. The magnetic moments align along the c axis in the ferromagnetic state. Based on low-temperature magnetization, the spin stiffness constant, D, and spin excitation gap, Δ, were estimated according to Bloch's law to be D=94±17meVÅ2 and Δ=0.45±0.33 meV, suggesting its possible application as a low dimensional ferromagnet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number044406
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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