Synthesis and optical properties of nanocrystalline V-doped ZnO powders

Santi Maensiri, Chivalrat Masingboon, Vinich Promarak, Supapan Seraphin

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76 Scopus citations


This paper reports the synthesis and optical properties of nanocrystalline powders of V-doped ZnO (i.e. Zn0.95V0.05O, Zn0.90V0.10O, and Zn0.85V0.15O) by a simple sol-gel method using metal acetylacetonates of Zn and V and poly(vinyl alcohol) as precursors. Structure of the prepared samples was studied by X-ray diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy, and selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) analysis. The morphology of the powders revealed by SEM and TEM was affected by the amount of V, causing the formations of both nanoparticles and nanorods in the Zn0.95V0.05O sample, nanorods in the Zn0.90V0.10O sample, and nanoparticles in the Zn0.85V0.15O sample. The optical properties of the samples were investigated by measuring the UV-VIS absorbance and photoluminescence spectra at room temperature. All the samples exhibited UV absorption at below 400 nm (3.10 eV) with a well-defined absorbance peak at around 364 nm (3.41 eV) and 288 nm (4.31 eV). The band gap of the V-doped samples shows a decrease with increasing V concentration. The photoluminescence spectra of all the samples showed a strong UV emission band at ∼2.98 eV, a weak blue band at 2.82 eV, a week blue-green band at 2.56 eV, and a weak green band at 2.34 eV, which indicated their high structural and optical quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1700-1705
Number of pages6
JournalOptical Materials
Issue number12
StatePublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Computer Science(all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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