Synthesis and giant dielectric behavior of CaCu3Ti4O12 ceramics prepared by polymerized complex method

Chivalrat Masingboon, Prasit Thongbai, Santi Maensiri, Teerapon Yamwong, Supapan Seraphin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


Nano-sized powders of CaCu3Ti4O12 were synthesized by a polymerized complex method and calcined at 600, 700 and 800 °C in air for 8 h. The diameter of the powders ranges from 30 to 100 nm. The CaCu3Ti4O12 powders were characterized by TG-DTA, XRD, FTIR, SEM and TEM. Sintering of the powders was conducted in air at 1100 °C for 16 h. The XRD results indicated that all sintered samples have a typical perovskite CaCu3Ti4O12 structure with some amount of CaTiO3 and CuO. SEM micrographs of the sintered CaCu3Ti4O12 ceramics showed the average grain size of 10-15 μm. The samples exhibit a giant dielectric constant, ε′ of 10,000-20,000. It is found that ε is independent on the frequency and weakly dependent on temperature. The Maxwell-Wagner polarization mechanism is used to explain the high permittivity in these ceramics. It is also found that all three sintered samples have the same activation energy of grains, which is 0.116 eV. On the other hand, the activation energy of grain boundaries is found to be 0.219, 0.391 and 0.641 eV for CaCu3Ti4O12 ceramics prepared using the CaCu3Ti4O12 powders calcined at 600, 700 and 800 °C, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)262-270
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Jun 15 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Dielectrics
  • Electron diffraction
  • Powder processing
  • Scanning electron microscopy
  • X-ray diffraction (XRD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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