Salmon melanin concentrating hormone (MCH) is a cyclic heptadecapeptide. MCH stimulates perinuclear aggregation of melanosomes within integumental melanocytes of teleost fishes resulting in skin blanching. MCH contains a disulfide bridge forming a 10-residue ring (H-Asp-Thr-Met-Arg-Cyss-Met-Val-Gly-Arg-Val-Tyr-Arg-Pro-Cys-Trp-Glu-Val-OH). It has been proposed that the ring is necessary for maintenance of potency. In order to test this proposal, we have synthesized two pseudo-isosteric analogues of MCH that cannot cyclize. They differed only in the polarity of the side chain group of positions 5 and 14. Serine was substituted for Cys5 and Cys14 in one peptide and L α-aminobutyrate (Abu) was the substitution at the two positions in the other peptide. Using a fish skin bioassay we determined that these analogues exhibit less than 1/10,000th the potency of the native hormone. These results suggest that the disulfide bridge is necessary to maintain the correct conformational and topographical features of the hormone for receptor binding and transmembrane signal transduction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)