Susceptibility and diagnostic concentration for Bacillus thuringiensis toxins and newer chemical insecticides in Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from China

Fang Guan, Zheng Zhang, Yuhang Lin, Xiangjie Liu, Xingliang Wang, Yihua Yang, Yves Carrière, Yidong Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is a cosmopolitan pest that exploits more than 350 host plants, including economically important crops such as corn, cotton and rice. Control of S. frugiperda largely relies on transgenic crops producing insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) and spraying synthetic insecticides. Here, we established the susceptibility and diagnostic concentration for 2 Bt toxins and 5 newer insecticides in invasive populations of S. frugiperda from southeastern China. Concentrations causing 50% mortality (LC50) in ten field populations sampled in 2022 ranged from 2.13 to 19.29 and 22.43 to 71.12 ng/cm2 for Cry1Fa and Vip3Aa, and 0.83 to 5.30, 2.83 to 9.94, 0.04 to 0.23, 4.59 to 8.40, and 1.49 to 6.79 mg/liter for chlorantraniliprole, chlorfenapyr, emamectin benzoate, indoxacarb, and spinosad, respectively. Relative to the susceptible strain YJ-19, the largest resistance ratio in the field populations was 5.1, 1.6, 6.2, 3.9, 4.6, 2.2, and 3.6 for Cry1Fa, Vip3Aa, chlorantraniliprole, chlorfenapyr, emamectin benzoate, indoxacarb, and spinosad, respectively, indicating that the field populations were generally susceptible to these Bt toxins and insecticides. Based on the pooled response of the field populations, the diagnostic concentration for resistance monitoring, estimated as ca. twice the LC99, was 400 and 1,500 ng/cm2 for Cry1Fa and Vip3Aa, and 2, 40, 60, 60, and 100 mg/liter for emamectin benzoate, chlorantraniliprole, chlorfenapyr, spinosad, and indoxacarb, respectively. These results provide useful information for monitoring resistance to key Bt toxins and insecticides for the control of S. frugiperda in China.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1830-1837
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of economic entomology
Volume116
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2023

Keywords

  • Bt toxin
  • diagnostic concentration
  • fall armyworm
  • insecticide
  • resistance monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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