Surveying freedom: Folk intuitions about free will and moral responsibility

Eddy Nahmias, Stephen Morris, Thomas Nadelhoffer, Jason Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

315 Scopus citations


Philosophers working in the nascent field of experimental philosophy' have begun using methods borrowed from psychology to collect data about folk intuitions concerning debates ranging from action theory to ethics to epistemology. In this paper we present the results of our attempts to apply this approach to the free will debate, in which philosophers on opposing sides claim that their view best accounts for and accords with folk intuitions. After discussing the motivation for such research, we describe our methodology of surveying people's prephilosophical judgments about the freedom and responsibility of agents in deterministic scenarios. In two studies, we found that a majority of participants judged that such agents act of their own free will and are morally responsible for their actions. We then discuss the philosophical implications of our results as well as various difficulties inherent in such research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)561-584
Number of pages24
JournalPhilosophical Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2005


  • Experimental Philosophy
  • Folk Psychology
  • Free Will
  • Moral Responsibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Philosophy


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