Surface cleaning of small structures during spin rinsing of patterned substrates

Davoud Zamani, Kedar Dhane, Omid Mahdavi, Michael Anthony McBride, Jun Yan, Farhang Shadman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Cleaning and rinsing of small structures are important processes in the manufacturing of micro- and nano-electronics. The latest technology uses "single-wafer spin rinsing'' in which ultra-pure water (UPW) is introduced onto the wafer which is mounted on a rotating holder. This is a complex process and its optimization for lowering water and energy usage requires better understanding of the process fundamentals. A mathematical model is presented in this paper that uses the fundamental physical mechanisms and provides a comprehensive process simulator. The model includes fluid flow, electrostatic effects, and bulk and surface interactions. The simulator is applied to the specific case of investigating the dynamics of rinsing of patterned wafers with hafnium-based high-k micro- and nano-structures. The effects of key rinse process parameters such as water flow rate, wafer spin rate, water temperatures, wafer sizes, and trench locations in the wafer are studied. Successful incorporation of this rinsing simulator in design and control of surface preparation processes would eliminate dependence on costlier and more time-consuming external analysis techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-65
Number of pages9
JournalMicroelectronic Engineering
StatePublished - 2013


  • Process model
  • Single-wafer cleaning tools
  • Wafer rinsing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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