Supranutritional Supplementation of Vitamin E Influences Myoglobin Post-Translational Modifications in Postmortem Beef Longissimus Lumborum Muscle

Yifei Wang, Shuting Li, Jing Chen, Haining Zhu, Bailey N. Harsh, Dustin D. Boler, Anna C. Dilger, Daniel W. Shike, Surendranath P. Suman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Post-translational modifications (PTM) in myoglobin (Mb) can influence fresh meat color stability. Dietary supplementation of vitamin E improves beef color stability by delaying lipid oxidation–induced Mb oxidation and influences proteome profile of postmortem beef skeletal muscles. Nonetheless, the influence of vitamin E on Mb PTM in postmortem beef skeletal muscles has yet to be investigated. Therefore, the objective of the current study was to examine the effect of dietary vitamin E on Mb PTM in postmortem beef longissimus lumborum muscle. Beef longissimus lumborum muscle samples (24 h postmortem) were obtained from the carcasses of 9 vitamin E–supplemented (VITE; 1,000 IU vitamin E diet/heifer·d−1 for 89 d) and 9 control (CONT; no supplemental vitamin E) heifers. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used to separate Mb from other sarcoplasmic proteins of beef longissimus lumborum muscle. Tandem mass spectrometry identified multiple PTM (phosphorylation, acetylation, 4-hydroxynonenal alkylation, methylation, dimethylation, trimethylation, and carboxymethylation) in the protein bands (17 kDa) representing Mb. The amino acids susceptible to phosphorylation were threonine (T) and tyrosine (Y), whereas lysine (K) residues were prone to other PTM. The same sites of phosphorylation (T34, T67, Y103), carboxymethylation (K77, K78), and 4-hydroxynonenal alkylation (K77, K78, K79) were identified in Mb from CONT and VITE samples, indicating that these PTM were not influenced by the vitamin E supplementation in cattle. Nonetheless, differential occurrence of acetylation, methylation, dimethylation, and trimethylation were identified in Mb from CONT and VITE samples. Overall, a greater number of amino acids were modified in CONT than VITE, suggesting that the supplementation of vitamin E decreased the numbers of post-translationally modified residues in Mb. Additionally, PTM at K87, K96, K98, and K102 were unique to CONT, whereas PTM at K118 were unique to VITE. These findings suggested that dietary supplementation of vitamin E in beef cattle might protect amino acid residues in Mb—especially those located spatially close to proximal histidine—from undergoing PTM, thereby improving Mb redox stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number13541
JournalMeat and Muscle Biology
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • beef color stability
  • myoglobin
  • post-translational modifications
  • vitamin E

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Food Science

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