Support Service Decision Making for Students with Multiple Service Needs: Evaluative Data

Michael F. Giangreco, Susan W. Edelman, Tracy E. Luiselli, Stephanie Z Macfarland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This quasi-experimental (pretest/posttest) study explored the use of (Vermont Interdependent Services Team Approach) (VISTA) with 11 educational teams serving students with multiple disabilities. Information about VISTA, a process to facilitate consensus decision making about support services (i.e., type, mode, frequency), was obtained by 75 team members through self-study. Following self-study the teams used VISTA to make support service decisions for students with multiple service needs. The findings of this study provide data regarding: (a) changes in team and individual decision making as a result of using VISTA, (b) the extent to which team members perceived that VISTA did what it purported to do (e.g., increase parental and general education involvement, decrease gaps, overlaps, and contradictions), and (c) changes in the teams' level agreement about which support services students need. Implications for future related service decision making are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-144
Number of pages10
JournalResearch and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1996


  • Decision making
  • Integrated therapy
  • Multiple disabilities
  • Related services
  • Support services
  • Teaming
  • Transdisciplinary research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Health Professions(all)


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