Structures and electron affinities of indole-(water)N clusters

S. Carles, C. Desfrançois, J. P. Schermann, D. M.A. Smith, L. Adamowicz

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46 Scopus citations


Rydberg electron transfer spectroscopy (RET) has been used to determine the dipole-bound electron affinity of the indole molecule, and the value of 3 meV was obtained. RET has also been employed to study [indole-(water)N]- cluster anions and the results have been interpreted with the help of ab initio calculations. It has been shown that for N = 1 and 2 only dipole-bound anions are formed and that the electron attachment induces large amplitude motions in these systems. [Indole-(water)N]- anions with N = 3 and 4 have not been observed. This finding for N = 3 is consistent with a low theoretically predicted dipole moment of the neutral indole-(water)3 complex, which is insufficient for the formation of a stable dipole-bound anion. Above N = 5, RET experiments showed formation of valence [indole-(water)N]- anions. From the observed size threshold for the formation of these anions, the negative value of the valence electron affinity of indole equal to - 1.03±0.05 meV was deduced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3726-3734
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Feb 22 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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