High-pressure and high-temperature behavior of synthetic Ni2P has been studied in a laser-heated diamond anvil cell up to 50 GPa and 2200 K. Incongruent melting associated with formation of pyrite-type NiP2 and amorphous Ni-P alloy was found at an intermediate pressure range, between 6.5 and 40 GPa. Above 40 GPa, Ni2P melts congruently. At room conditions, Ni2P has hexagonal C22-type structure, and without heating it remains in this structure to at least 50 GPa. With a bulk modulus .K0 = 201(8) GPa and K' = 4.2(6 Ni2P is noticeably less compressible than hep Fe, as well as all previously described iron phosphides, and its presence in the Earth core would favorably lower the core density. In contrast to Fe2P, the c/a ratio in Ni2P decreases on compression because of the lack of ferromagnetic interaction along the c direction. Lack of the C22→C23 transition in Ni2P rules out a stabilizing effect of Ni on the orthorhombic phase of natural (Fe1-xNix)P allabogdanite.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geochemistry and Petrology
- Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Space and Planetary Science