In order to determine the nature of the antigenic and functional determinants of streptokinase (SK), we produced monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) by immunizing A/J mice with native SK protein. By virtue of their differential binding to a large panel of recombinant SK truncated proteins, and their effect on the formation of functional SK-plasminogen activator complex (SKPAC), these MAbs were found to recognize 6 unique and minimally overlapping epitopes on the SK protein. The fine epitope specificity of the anti-SK MAbs derived from A/J mice was compared with that of MAbs derived from BALB/c mice. A number of MAbs from both inbred strains of mice were directed against the same sequences of SK (1-13, 1-253, 120-352) suggesting that these regions of the molecule contain peptide sequences that are immunodominant. Two of the 'immunodominant' sequences of SK protein appeared to be important for SK function, since the formation of SKPAC could be inhibited by MAbs against these sequences.
ASJC Scopus subject areas