Structural characterization and morphology of electrospun TiO2 nanofibers

Wiwat Nuansing, Siayasunee Ninmuang, Wirat Jarernboon, Santi Maensiri, Supapan Seraphin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

168 Scopus citations


This paper reports on structural characterization and morphology of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanofibers prepared by electrospinning using a solution that contained poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) and titanium(diisoproproxide) bis(2,4-pentanedionate) 75 wt.% in 2-propanol. TiO2 nanofibers with diameters of 80-100 nm were successfully obtained from calcination of the as-spun TiO2/PVP composite nanofibers at above 300 °C in air for 3 h. The as-spun and calcined TiO2/PVP composite nanofibers were characterized by TG-DTA, Raman spectroscopy, XRD, SEM, AFM, and TEM. The results indicated a significant effect of calcination temperature on the crystalline phase in the form of either anatase or mixed anatase-rutile and the morphology of the nanofibers. The anatase-to-rutile transformation and the grain growth during the calcination of the electrospun TiO2/PVP composite nanofibers, as revealed by TEM, occurred simultaneously and affected each other. The rutile content was the highest (∼80%) at 800 °C, and it can be expected that the complete anatase-to-rutile transformation in the TiO2 nanofibers would be above 800 °C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-155
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: B
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Jul 15 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Electron microscopy
  • Electrospinning
  • Nanofibers
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Titanium dioxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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