Stress granule and P-body clearance: Seeking coherence in acts of disappearance

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Stress granules and P-bodies are conserved cytoplasmic biomolecular condensates whose assembly and composition are well documented, but whose clearance mechanisms remain controversial or poorly described. Such understanding could provide new insight into how cells regulate biomolecular condensate formation and function, and identify therapeutic strategies in disease states where aberrant persistence of stress granules in particular is implicated. Here, I review and compare the contributions of chaperones, the cytoskeleton, post-translational modifications, RNA helicases, granulophagy and the proteasome to stress granule and P-body clearance. Additionally, I highlight the potentially vital role of RNA regulation, cellular energy, and changes in the interaction networks of stress granules and P-bodies as means of eliciting clearance. Finally, I discuss evidence for interplay of distinct clearance mechanisms, suggest future experimental directions, and suggest a simple working model of stress granule clearance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-26
Number of pages17
JournalSeminars in Cell and Developmental Biology
StatePublished - Jun 1 2024


  • Chaperones
  • Cytoskeleton
  • G3BP
  • Granulophagy
  • MRNA
  • MRNA decay
  • P-bodies
  • Phosphorylation
  • Proteasome
  • RNA helicases
  • RNA modification
  • Stress Granules
  • Translation
  • Ubiquitination
  • VCP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology


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