Stress and Sociocultural Factors Related to Health Status Among US–Mexico Border Farmworkers

Scott C. Carvajal, Clara Kibor, Deborah Jean McClelland, Maia Ingram, Jill Guernsey de Zapien, Emma Torres, Floribella Redondo, Kathryn Rodriguez, Raquel Rubio-Goldsmith, Joel Meister, Cecilia Rosales

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


This study examines factors relating to farmworkers’ health status from sociocultural factors, including stress embedded within their work and community contexts. A cross-sectional household survey of farmworkers (N = 299) included social-demographics, immigration status descriptors, and a social-ecologically grounded, community-responsive, stress assessment. Outcomes included three standard US national surveillance measures of poor mental, physical, and self-rated health (SRH). Logistic regression models showed that higher levels of stress were significantly associated (Ps < .001) with increased risk for poor mental health and poor physical health considering all variables. Stress was not associated with SRH. Regarding two of the three outcomes, mental health and physical health, stress added explanatory power as expected. For poor SRH, a known marker for mortality risk and quite high in the sample at 38 %, only age was significantly associated. Clinical and systems-level health promotion strategies may be required to mitigate these stressors in border-residing farmworkers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1176-1182
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Oct 30 2014


  • Discrimination
  • Farmworkers
  • Latinos
  • Sociocultural factors
  • Stress and health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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