Strain transfer between a CPC coated strain gauge and cortical bone during bending

Nicholas M. Cordaro, Jeffrey A. Weiss, John A. Szivek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The finite element method was used to simulate strain transfer from bone to a calcium phosphate ceramic (CPC) coated strain gauge. The model was constructed using gross morphometric and histological measurements obtained from previous experimental studies. Material properties were assigned based on experiments and information from the literature. Boundary conditions simulated experimental cantilever loading of rat femora. The model was validated using analytical solutions based on the theory of elasticity as well as direct comparison to experimental data obtained in a separate study. The interface between the bone and strain gauge sensing surface consisted of layers of polysulfone, polysulfone/CPC, and CPC/ bone. Parameter studies examined the effect of interface thickness and modulus, gauge geometry, partial gauge debonding, and waterproofing on the strain transfer from the bone to the gauge sensing element. Results demonstrated that interface thickness and modulus have a significant effect on strain transfer. Optimal strain transfer was achieved for an interface modulus of approximately 2 GPa. Strain transfer decreased consistently with increasing interface thickness. Debonding along the lateral edges of the gauge had little effect, while debonding proximal and distal to the sensing element decreased strain transfer. A water-proofing layer decreased strain transfer, and this effect was more pronounced as the modulus or thickness of the layer increased. Based on these simulations, specific recommendations were made to optimize strain transfer between bone and CPC coated gauges for experimental studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-155
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2001


  • Bone
  • Finite element analysis
  • Strain gauge
  • Strain measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Strain transfer between a CPC coated strain gauge and cortical bone during bending'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this