Stimulation of food intake and weight gain in mature female rats by bovine prolactin and bovine growth hormone

J. C. Byatt, N. R. Staten, W. J. Salsgiver, J. G. Kostelc, R. J. Collier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations


Recombinant bovine prolactin (rbPRL) or bovine growth hormone (rbGH) was administered to mature female rats (10/treatment group) by daily subcutaneous injection for 10 days. Doses ranged from 7 to 5,000 μg/day (0.03-24 mg/kg body wt). Both rbPRL and rbGH increased body weight gain and food intake, but these parameters were increased at lower doses of rbPRL (7-63 μg/day) than rbGH (>190 μg/day). Weight gain and food intake were maximally stimulated by 190 μg/day rbPRL, whereas maximal increased weight gain was obtained with the highest dose of rbGH (5,000 μg/day). Total carcass protein was increased by both hormones; however, protein as a percentage of body weight was unchanged. Similarly, neither rbPRL nor rbGH changed the percentage of carcass moisture. Percentage of body fat was increased by rbPRL but was decreased by rbGH. Weight of the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys was increased by both hormones, but increases were in proportion to body weight gain. These data confirm that ungulate prolactin is a hyperphagic agent in the female rat. In addition, they suggest that, while prolactin stimulates growth in mature female rats, this growth is probably not via a somatogenic mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E986-E992
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number6 27-6
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • body composition
  • hyperphagia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Stimulation of food intake and weight gain in mature female rats by bovine prolactin and bovine growth hormone'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this