Steady-state analysis of multibody systems with reference to vehicle dynamics

J. N. Lee, P. E. Nikravesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This paper presents a systematic methodology and formulation for determining the steady-state response of multibody systems. The equations of motion for a general multibody system are described in terms of a set of relative joint accelerations. Then, the differential equations of motion are converted to a set of algebraic equations for the steady-state response. These equations are derived based upon a set of conditions that must exist for the steady state. The application of this formulation in determining the steady-state response of a vehicle moving in a circular path is shown. The multibody model of the vehicle for two- or four-wheel steering is presented. The results of the steady-state simulation are compared with those obtained from a transient dynamic analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-192
Number of pages12
JournalNonlinear Dynamics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1994


  • Multibody systems
  • steady-state analysis
  • vehicle dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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