Status of pink bollworm susceptibility to Bt in Arizona

A. L. Patin, T. J. Dennehy, M. A. Sims, B. E. Tabashnik, Y. B. Liu, L. Antilla, D. Gouge, T. J. Henneberry, R. Staten

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Statewide monitoring of pink bollworm susceptibility to Bt toxin was conducted in Arizona in 1997 and 1998. In bioassays in which Bt toxin was incorporated into insect diet, a concentration of 10 μg/ml Cry 1 Ac caused >80% mortality of all field populations. LC50s of Arizona populations ranged from 0.35 to 1.7 μg Cry 1 Ac/ml of insect diet. A laboratory strain of pink bollworm had an LC50 of 0.53 μg/ml. A selection experiment was conducted in which survivors of bioassays of 3.2 and 10 μg/ml of Cry 1 Ac from all Arizona populations tested in 1997 were pooled and reared for one generation on diet containing 10 μg Cry 1 Ac/ml. Selection produced a strain of pink bollworm that was 100- to 460-fold less susceptible to Cry 1 Ac, than were the field populations from which it was derived. Preliminary results from greenhouse evaluations concerning survival of this resistant strain on Bt cotton showed that larvae were able to complete development in bolls of Bt cotton, pupate, and successfully reproduce. We conclude from these preliminary results that the type of resistance we have isolated in the laboratory is likely to negatively impact field performance of Bt cotton in Arizona in the future. However, we found no evidence that field performance of Bt cotton has yet been compromised. In large field trials, in-field refuges of non-Bt cotton were contrasted with the standard, external refuges. During both 1997 and 1998, in-field refuge plots yielded comparable to, or better than, plots of 100% Bt cotton, yet they produced substantial numbers of pink bollworm late in the season on non-Bt plants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 1999
EventProceedings of the 1999 Beltwide Cotton Conference - Orlando, United States
Duration: Jan 3 1999Jan 7 1999


ConferenceProceedings of the 1999 Beltwide Cotton Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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