Statistical optimization of culture media for growth and lipid production of Chlorella protothecoides UTEX 250

Kuan Chen Cheng, Ming Ren, Kimberly L. Ogden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


The concentration of NaNO3, MgSO4·7H2O and proteose, in Chlorella protothecoides medium were optimized for algal biomass and lipid production by using response surface methodology with Box-Behnken design. The optimal concentrations were 0.45g/L of NaNO3, 6mg/L of MgSO4·7H2O, and 0.25g/L of proteose for maximum biomass production and 2mg/L of MgSO4·7H2O and no addition of NaNO3 and proteose for lipid accumulation. In optimized biomass production medium, a final biomass concentration of 1.19g/L was obtained, which was 1.8 times higher than that in the original medium. For lipid accumulation, a 12.9% lipid content was obtained from the biomass in the lipid production medium, which was three times higher than that from the original medium. The fatty acid profile of algae grown in the optimized medium demonstrated a higher unsaturated fatty acid content (i.e. methyl linoleate (C18:2) and methyl linolenate (C18:3)) than that of the algae grown in the original medium. The results provide a strategy for limiting the amount of nutrients required in large scale outdoor cultivation systems of C. protothecoides to make the production of algal biomass more economically attractive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-48
Number of pages5
JournalBioresource Technology
StatePublished - Jan 2013


  • Autotrophic cultivation
  • Chlorella protothecoides
  • Lipid production
  • Medium optimization
  • Response surface methodology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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