State statutes and regulations related to human papillomavirus vaccination

Aila Hoss, Beth E. Meyerson, Gregory D. Zimet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


A cross-sectional analysis of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine statutes and regulations from states and the District of Columbia in the United States (U.S.) was conducted from September–November 2018 to advance analyses of policy impact on HPV vaccination uptake. A search was conducted using WestlawNext, a legal research database. Statutes and regulations relevant to the study were analyzed and coded based on their legal attributes into ten broad coding questions and several sub-questions. Of the 212 laws identified by the initial search string, 93 (43.9%) reference HPV vaccination in statute or regulation. An additional three laws were added following subsequent review. There was a total of 52 statutes and 44 regulations from 34 states and the District of Columbia. Most laws were related to developing and distributing HPV vaccination materials for parents, and mechanisms to fund and reimburse for the vaccination. This study can be used by policymakers in jurisdictions that are considering establishing HPV vaccination promotion interventions in state law and highlighting the limited statutory and regulatory efforts that have been implemented to promote HPV vaccination. Importantly, this study can also be used to conduct evaluations of the efficacy of statutory and regulatory strategies in increasing HPV vaccination rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1519-1526
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - Aug 3 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Human papillomavirus
  • public health law
  • public health policy
  • vaccination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology


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