Stability of model VPO catalysts for maleic anhydride synthesis

T. P. Moser, G. L. Schrader

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


The stability of β-VOPO4 and (VO)2P2O7 under conditions of n-butane and 1-butene oxidation was investigated using the complementary techniques of in situ laser Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Both β-VOPO4 and (VO)2P2O7 demonstrated bulk structural integrity during n-butane oxidation. The relatively greater reducing capacity of 1-butene, however, induced a transformation of β-VOPO4 to (VO)2P2O7. The presence of V(V) and V(IV) in used β-VOPO4 and (VO)2P2O7 was detected by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy for both hydrocarbon oxidation conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-108
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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