Stability of midazolam hydrochloride injection 1-mg/ml solutions in polyvinyl chloride and polyolefin bags

Kelly Karlage, Zachary Earhart, Kelly Green-Boesen, Paul B. Myrdal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Purpose. The stability of midazolam hydrochloride injection 1-mg/mL solutions in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polyolefin bags under varying conditions was evaluated. Methods. Triplicate solutions of midazolam hydrochloride 1-mg/mL were prepared in polyolefin and PVC i.v. bags by diluting midazolam hydrochloride injection 5 mg/mL with 5% dextrose injection. Bags were then stored under refrigeration (3-4 &δεγ;C), exposed to light at room temperature (20-25 &δεγ;C), or protected from light in amber bags at room temperature. Samples were taken immediately after preparation (day 0) and on days 1, 2, 3, 6, 13, 20, and 27 for analysis with a stability-indicating high-performance liquid chromatography assay in order to determine solution concentration. Stability was defined as retention of at least 90% of the initial drug concentration. The pH of each solution was also measured weekly. Sterility of the i.v. bags was determined at the end of the study by microbiological testing with culture in growth media. Differences in concentrations under the various storageconditions and bags used were analyzed using analysis of variance. Results. All solutions retained over 98% of the initial midazolam hydrochloride concentration, with no statistically significant (p ≥ 0.05) change in concentration over the four-week period. Stability was not affected by temperature, exposure to light, or bag type. The pH of all solutions remained between 3.2 and 3.4 throughout the study. Sterility after 28 days was retained. Conclusion. Midazolam hydrochloride 1-mg/mL solutions diluted in 5% dextrose injection remained stable over 27 days in both polyolefin and PVC i.v. bags, regardless of storage condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1537-1540
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Health-System Pharmacy
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 15 2011


  • Anxiolytics, sedatives and hypnotics
  • Chromatography, liquid
  • Concentration
  • Containers
  • Contamination
  • Dextrose
  • Diluents
  • Hydrogen ion concentration
  • Injections
  • Midazolam hydrochloride
  • Polyolefin
  • Polyvinyl chloride
  • Refrigeration
  • Stability
  • Storage
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Health Policy


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