Sputter deposited ZnTe/ZnSe/ZnO heterojunctions for photovoltaic applications

O. Akpa, S. Shaik, T. Thompson, T. Isaacs-Smith, P. Anderson, S. Seraphin, K. Das

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Films of ZnTe, ZnSe, and ZnO were deposited on (100) Si by RF magnetron sputtering from stoichiometric ZnTe, ZnSe, and ZnO targets for the purpose of fabricating a ZnTe/ZnSe heterojunction. Rutherford back scattering (RBS) analysis yielded a composition of Zn1.0Te1.0 for ZnTe, Zn1.1Se1.2 for ZnSe, and Zn1.0O0.8 for ZnO which indicates that near-stoichiometric films were obtained. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of cross-sectional samples established that the films were polycrystalline in nature. Heterostructures were grown on ZnO coated low resistivity n-type Si wafer. The heterojunctions consisted of a ∼65 nm layer of ZnSe, to serve as an absorber layer and ∼40 nm of ZnTe as a window layer. The heterojunction wafer was diced into 1 cm2 samples. A Pt back contact was deposited on the Si. The top surface of the junction was patterned with a contact leaving two, 0.25 cm × 0.65 cm ZnTe windows exposed. Both the top and bottom contacts were annealed at 350° C under N2 atmosphere for 5 min. Under 120 W halogen lamp illumination the junction showed a photovoltaic response. Between the top Al and back Pt, the device produced an approximate open-circuit voltage (VOC) of 600 mV as measured with a high impendence voltmeter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProgram - 35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2010
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 2010
Event35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2010 - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: Jun 20 2010Jun 25 2010

Publication series

NameConference Record of the IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference
ISSN (Print)0160-8371


Other35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2010
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHonolulu, HI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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