Spitzer observations of a 24 μm shadow: Bok globule CB 190

Amelia M. Stutz, John H. Bieging, George H. Rieke, Yancy L. Shirley, Zoltan Balog, Karl D. Gordon, Elizabeth M. Green, Jocelyn Keene, Brandon C. Kelly, Mark Rubin, Michael W. Werner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


We present Spitzer observations of the dark globule CB 190 (LDN 771). We observe a roughly circular 24 μm shadow with a 70″ radius. The extinction profile of this shadow matches the profile derived from 2MASS photometry at the outer edges of the globule and reaches a maximum of ∼32 visual magnitudes at the center. The corresponding mass of CB 190 is ∼ 10 A. Our 12CO and 13CO J = 2 - 1 data over a 10′ × 10″ region centered on the shadow show a temperature ∼10 K. The thermal continuum indicates a similar temperature for the dust. The molecular data also show evidence of freezeout onto dust grains. We estimate a distance to CB 190 of 400 pc using the spectroscopic parallax of a star associated with the globule. Bonnor-Ebert fits to the density profile, in conjunction with this distance, yield ξmax = 7.2, indicating that CB 190 may be unstable. The high temperature (56 K) of the best-fit Bonnor-Ebert model is in contradiction with the CO and thermal continuum data, leading to the conclusion that the thermal pressure is not enough to prevent free-fall collapse. We also find that the turbulence in the cloud is inadequate to support it. However, the cloud may be supported by the magnetic field, if this field is at the average level for dark globules. Since the magnetic field will eventually leak out through ambipolar diffusion, it is likely that CB 190 is collapsing or in a late precollapse stage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)466-477
Number of pages12
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 PART 1
StatePublished - Aug 10 2007


  • Dust
  • Extinction
  • ISM: globules
  • ISM: individual ([CB88] 190)
  • Infrared: ISM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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