Spitzer far-infrared detections of cold circumstellar disks

P. S. Smith, D. C. Hines, F. J. Low, R. D. Gehrz, E. F. Polomski, C. E. Woodward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Observations at 70 μm with the Spitzer Space Telescope have detected several stellar systems within 65 pc of the Sun. Of 18 presumably young systems detected in this study, as many as 15 have 70 μm emission in excess of that expected from their stellar photospheres. Five of the systems with excesses are members of the Tucanae association. The 70 μm excesses range from a factor of ∼2 to nearly 30 times the expected photospheric emission from these stars. In contrast to the 70 μm properties of these systems, there is evidence for an emission excess at 24 μm for only HD 3003, confirming previous results for this star. The lack of a strong 24 μm excess in most of these systems suggests that the circumstellar dust producing the IR excesses is relatively cool (Tdust ≲ 150 K) and that there is little IR-emitting material within the inner few AU of the primary stars. Many dust of these systems lie close enough to Earth that the distribution of the dust producing the IR excesses might be imaged in scattered light at optical and near-IR wavelengths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L125-L128
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume644
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 20 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Circumstellar matter
  • Infrared: stars
  • Planetary systems: formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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