Although sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) has been extensively studied in the nontransplant setting, the diagnostic criteria after liver transplantation are not well defined and have been based on clinical features without manometric documentation. The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to determine the manometric patterns associated with SOD following orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) and (2) to define the usefulness of bedside T-tube manometry as a screening tool for SOD. ERCP with simultaneous manometry of the sphincter of Oddi (SO) was performed in five patients following OLT with choledochocholedochostomy (CDCD) between 1990 and 1992. The diagnosis of SOD was suspected based on persistently elevated liver function tests, distal common bile duct dilatation in the absence of strictures, and an elevated resting bile duct pressure as measured by bedside T-tube manometry. Two different manometric patterns of SOD were observed. The first pattern (N=4) consisted of elevated SO basal pressures, infrequent simultaneous phasic activity, and an abnormal response to cholecystokinin-octapeptide (CCK-OP). The second pattern (N=1) consisted of low basal pressures and absent phasic activity. Four patients were successfully treated with papillotomy and stenting, while the fifth patient required conversion to a choledochojejunostomy because of a concomitant anastomotic stricture. The abnormal SO manometric profiles in patients suspected of having SOD after OLT were different from those observed in the nontransplant setting. Bedside T-tube manometry allowed measurement of the resting bile duct pressure and may be a useful screening tool for SOD.
- liver transplantation
- sphincter of Oddi dysfunction
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