Spectroscopic Confirmation of CEERS NIRCam-selected Galaxies at z≃8-10

Pablo Arrabal Haro, Mark Dickinson, Steven L. Finkelstein, Seiji Fujimoto, Vital Fernández, Jeyhan S. Kartaltepe, Intae Jung, Justin W. Cole, Denis Burgarella, Katherine Chworowsky, Taylor A. Hutchison, Alexa M. Morales, Casey Papovich, Raymond C. Simons, Ricardo O. Amorín, Bren E. Backhaus, Micaela B. Bagley, Laura Bisigello, Antonello Calabrò, Marco CastellanoNikko J. Cleri, Romeel Davé, Avishai Dekel, Henry C. Ferguson, Adriano Fontana, Eric Gawiser, Mauro Giavalisco, Santosh Harish, Nimish P. Hathi, Michaela Hirschmann, Benne W. Holwerda, Marc Huertas-Company, Anton M. Koekemoer, Rebecca L. Larson, Ray A. Lucas, Bahram Mobasher, Pablo G. Pérez-González, Nor Pirzkal, Caitlin Rose, Paola Santini, Jonathan R. Trump, Alexander de la Vega, Xin Wang, Benjamin J. Weiner, Stephen M. Wilkins, Guang Yang, L. Y.Aaron Yung, Jorge A. Zavala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present JWST/NIRSpec prism spectroscopy of seven galaxies selected from Cosmic Evolution Early Release Science (CEERS) survey NIRCam imaging with photometric redshifts z phot > 8. We measure emission line redshifts of z = 7.65 and 8.64 for two galaxies. For two other sources without securely detected emission lines we measure z = 9.77 − 0.29 + 0.37 and 10.01 − 0.19 + 0.14 by fitting model spectral templates to the prism data, from which we detect continuum breaks consistent with Lyα opacity from a mostly neutral intergalactic medium. The presence of strong breaks and the absence of strong emission lines give high confidence that these two galaxies have redshifts z > 9.6, but the redshift values derived from the breaks alone have large uncertainties given the low spectral resolution and relatively low S/N of the CEERS NIRSpec prism data. The two z ∼ 10 sources observed are relatively luminous (M UV < −20), with blue continua (−2.3 ≲ β ≲ −1.9) and low dust attenuation ( A V ≃ 0.15 − 0.1 + 0.3 ); and at least one of them has a high stellar mass for a galaxy at that redshift ( log ( M ⋆ / M ⊙ ) ≃ 9.3 − 0.3 + 0.2 ). Considered together with spectroscopic observations of other CEERS NIRCam-selected high-z galaxy candidates in the literature, we find a high rate of redshift confirmation and low rate of confirmed interlopers (8%). Ten out of 35 z > 8 candidates with CEERS NIRSpec spectroscopy do not have secure redshifts, but the absence of emission lines in their spectra is consistent with redshifts z > 9.6. We find that z > 8 photometric redshifts are generally in agreement (within their uncertainties) with the spectroscopic values, but also that the photometric redshifts tend to be slightly overestimated (〈Δz〉 = 0.45 ± 0.11), suggesting that current templates do not fully describe the spectra of very-high-z sources. Overall, the spectroscopy solidifies photometric redshift evidence for a high spatial density of bright galaxies at z > 8 compared to theoretical model predictions, and further disfavors an accelerated decline in the integrated UV luminosity density at z > 8.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL22
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume951
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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