Spectral Analysis of Frictional Forces in ILD CMP

Ara Philipossian, Daniel Resales-Yeomans, Leslie Charns, Chris Rogers, Toshiroh Doy, Masaharu Kinoshita

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Spectral analysis of real-time friction data obtained during ILD CMP is used to elucidate the tribology of the process in terms of stick-slip phenomena. Fourier transform analysis is employed to quantify the total amount of mechanical interaction in the pad-slurry-wafer interface as a function of various IC-1000 pad surface textures, PL-4217 fumed silica concentrations, relative pad-wafer velocities and applied wafer pressures. A new parameter termed the 'Interfacial Interaction Index' (γ is defined and determined empirically by integrating the amplitude of the force spectra over a wide range of frequencies. Values of γ extracted from individual force spectra are in qualitative agreement with the tribological information obtained in previous studies using Stribeck curve analysis. This new method is remarkable since it has the potential to eliminate having to perform a multitude of experiments needed for constructing and interpreting Stribeck curves. For a given tribological mechanism, analysis of the spectra for various types of pad textures indicates significant differences between the K-Grooved pad and other types of pads. A qualitative model relating the observed spectra to pad storage modulus is presented as a potential explanation for the above observation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-75
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
StatePublished - 2003
EventChemical-Mechanical Planarization - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Apr 22 2003Apr 24 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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