Special Cases and Special Populations: Tips and Tricks to Obtain a Diagnostic CMR

Isabel B. Oliva, Aiden Abidov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Based on current evidence, there are numerous clinical advantages of CMR, and in the diagnosis of ARVC/D. CMR is regarded as the gold-standard imaging test for evaluation of the right ventricle. CMR has the ability to image the heart in any plane, has excellent blood pool to tissue contrast, is highly sensitive for detecting subtle wall motion abnormalities, and has proven reproducibility. Additionally, MRI is noninvasive, does not expose the patient to ionizing radiation, and can be done without contrast while effectively evaluating chamber size, ventricular function, and wall motion abnormalities. However, even the ideal imaging modality requires a skill and knowledge in order to realize its diagnostic potential. Similar to any imaging modality, appropriate CMR acquisition is essential for accurate diagnosis. Unfortunately, we frequently have patients who are not ideal for scanning. In this chapter, we review tricks and tips for scanning and obtaining successful images in "difficult" patients, with emphasis on patients with arrhythmias that preclude appropriate ECG gating, those who cannot hold their breath appropriately, and patients with cardiac pacemakers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCardiac MRI in the Diagnosis, Clinical Management, and Prognosis of Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy/Dysplasia
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9780128012833
StatePublished - Mar 10 2016


  • Cardiac pacemakers
  • Imaging artifacts
  • Imaging field of view
  • MRI acquisition
  • Nonbreath-hold acquisition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)


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