SPC non-linear ultrasonic technique for detecting adhesion defects in FRCM reinforcements for masonry constructions

Anna Castellano, Aguinaldo Fraddosio, Tribikram Kundu, Mario Daniele Piccioni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nowadays Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Matrix (FRCM) composites are considered as a primary strengthening technique for reinforced concrete and masonry constructions, especially for historic buildings. Historic structures exhibit a pronounced seismic vulnerability, entailing the risk of losing important parts of the world's cultural heritage. A vast literature is available on issues like the interactions, the adhesion, and the delamination strength between FRCM composites and masonry. However, much fewer studies concern the detection of possible defects in the adhesion between FRCM and masonry, formed during the application of the reinforcement or during the service life of the construction, for example, from exceptional loads like earthquake, fire, etc. These defects can strongly undermine the effectiveness of the strengthening intervention, and thus the structural safety of the reinforced construction. Here, an innovative nonlinear ultrasonic technique called Side-band Peak Count (SPC) is proposed for detecting defects in the adhesion between FRCM composite layers and masonry substrates. The SPC technique reprocesses the results of the ultrasonic guided wave tests by relating the level of the non-linearity of the ultrasonic response due to the damage, to the appearance of additional secondary components in the spectrum of the received signal. Experiments are conducted on masonry tuff specimens reinforced with FRCM mortars and basalt fibers grid embedment. Specimens with known artificial defects are tested. Defects are fabricated both at the FRCM-tuff interface and within the FRCM layer, i.e., at the interface mortar-reinforcement fiber grid. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is investigated and discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHealth Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems XVI
EditorsPaul Fromme, Zhongqing Su
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510649712
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
EventHealth Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems XVI 2022 - Virtual, Online
Duration: Apr 4 2022Apr 10 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume12048
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceHealth Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems XVI 2022
CityVirtual, Online
Period4/4/224/10/22

Keywords

  • Adhesion defects
  • Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Matrix (FRCM) composites
  • Masonry
  • Non-Destructive Testing (NDT)
  • Nonlinear Ultrasonic
  • SPC Technique
  • Structural Health Monitoring (SHM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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