Spatiotemporal development of mine water inrush and its mechanism—a case study in Ganhe coal mine, Shanxi, China

Yueming Qi, Minzu Li, Kuangjia Li, Tian Chyi Jim Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Mine water inrush is one of the main hazards in coal mining industry. The mechanism and the processes are complex. Investigation of the spatiotemporal development of the hydrological process could lead to a better understanding of mine water inrush and effective countermeasures. For this reason, we investigated spatial and temporal characteristics (i.e., the changes of flow rate, groundwater level, and water quality) during a water inrush event in China, which had a flow rate of 730 m3/h at maximum and 300m3/h under a steady condition. The result shows that the water inrush developed in several stages. A mathematical model of the dynamic change between the water table and the inrush flow rate was constructed. Based on this model, we found the relationship of highly conductive flow channels between some observation boreholes and the water inrush point. In addition, the recharge velocity of the highly conductive flow channels and the equivalent mean flow velocity of the whole mine were determined. A comprehensive analysis of geological, hydrodynamic, and crustal stress conditions was conducted to study the development of the water channel near the F13 fault and the nonlinear process from seepage stage to inrush stage. The result reveals the water inrush is likely caused by activation of faults under combined influences of high crustal stress and high hydraulic pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number433
JournalArabian Journal of Geosciences
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017


  • Coal mine
  • Fault
  • Hydrological process
  • Mechanism of water inrush

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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